How to Make Pizza Dough at Home – A Comprehensive Guide

Creating homemade pizza dough is both delightful and rewarding. It is the foundation of your pizza and how it will taste later. What I love most about dough is its simplicity and reliance on just six basic ingredients:

  • Flour
  • Yeast
  • Warm Water
  • Olive Oil
  • Sugar
  • Salt

For me, the secret to an amazing pizza lies in its dough. Opting for fresh dough not only brings an unbeatable flavor and texture to pizzas but also provides the freedom to choose high-quality ingredients.  That is why I want to walk you through every step, ensuring that you end up with the perfect pizza base every single time.

Preparing the Dough

At the heart of every exceptional pizza lies its dough. Let’s see the main ingredients:

Ingredient Purpose Notes
Flour Provides structure Bread flour can be substituted for a chewier crust.
Yeast Ensures reliable rise and flavor Critical for dough’s rise and texture.
Warm Water (100-110°F) Activates the yeast The ideal temperature for yeast activation.
Sugar Feeds the yeast Enhances yeast activity and dough flavor.
Olive Oil Adds flavor and texture Prevents the crust from becoming soggy.
Salt Enhances taste Essential for flavor balance.

The quality of these ingredients is paramount, as they significantly influence your pizza’s final taste and texture. Prepairing the dough is not a challenge, but following the steps accurately and patiently is a must.

Step 1: Mix Dry Ingredients

Mixing flour, yeast, and salt

    • Start by combining the dry ingredients in a large mixing bowl. Add the flour, yeast, and salt, and mix them.

Step 2: Add Water and Olive Oil

Doughs - Add water and olive oil

    • Gradually pour in the warm water and olive oil. The water should be between 100-110°F to effectively activate the yeast.
    • Mix these ingredients until they start to form a cohesive dough. Continue mixing until the dough gathers into a ball and begins to pull away from the sides of the bowl.

Kneading the pizza dough is a critical step in achieving the perfect texture.

Step 3: Kneading the Dough

Kneading the Dough

    • Begin by working the dough either by hand or using a mixer. This step is essential for developing the gluten, which is key to the crust’s elasticity and chewiness.
    • Knead the dough until it achieves a smooth and slightly tacky texture. Be cautious to avoid making the dough overly sticky.
    • Continue this process for approximately 5 to 7 minutes if kneading by hand. The longer and more thoroughly you knead, the stronger and more cohesive your dough will become.

Step 4: Rising the Dough

Bread dough rising

    • Once kneaded, transfer the dough to a bowl lightly coated with oil. This prevents the dough from sticking to the bowl.
    • Cover the bowl with a clean cloth or plastic wrap. This helps in maintaining the right environment for the dough to rise.
    • Place the bowl in a warm, draft-free area to allow the dough to rise. This should take between 1 and 2 hours. During this time, the yeast will ferment the sugars in the flour, causing the dough to expand and develop flavor.
    • For an enhanced flavor profile, you have the option to let the dough rise slowly in the refrigerator. This slow-rise method, taking about 8-12 hours, allows for deeper flavor development in the dough. It depends on the variant, like sourdough, you have decided to make.

Shaping the Pizza Dough

Once the dough has doubled in size, it’s time to shape it.

Step Description Tips
Start Shaping the Dough Take one half and begin to press it out using your fingers or a rolling pin. Aim for an even thickness across the dough.
Form the Crust Create a slightly thicker edge around the perimeter of the dough. This thicker edge will form the crust of your pizza.
Let the Dough Rest if Needed If it retracts or springs back, pause and let it rest for a few minutes. Resting allows the gluten to relax, making it easier to shape it.
Transfer the Dough Move the shaped mass onto a parchment-lined pizza stone or baking sheet. Be careful to maintain the shape and thickness during transfer.
Preheat the Pizza Stone (If Using) Ensure the pizza stone is preheated in the oven before baking. A preheated stone helps achieve a crispier crust.

Baking the Pizza

Baking the Pizza

Baking the pizza is the final and most rewarding step. Preheat your oven to its highest setting, typically between 475°F to 500°F. A hot oven is crucial for achieving a crispy and well-cooked crust. If you’re using a pizza stone, place it in the oven during preheating.

This will help cook the bottom of the pizza crust evenly and add crispiness. Before adding your toppings, brush the dough with a bit of olive oil. This prevents the crust from becoming soggy. Add your favorite toppings, but be careful not to overload the pizza, as this can result in a soggy crust.

Bake the pizza for about 10-15 minutes, or until the crust is golden brown and the cheese is bubbly. Keep an eye on the pizza as oven temperatures can vary. Once done, let it cool for a few minutes before slicing and serving.

Storing and Freezing Dough

Homemade pizza dough is not only great for immediate use but can also be stored for future pizza cravings. If you’re not planning to use all the dough at once, you can easily store it in the refrigerator or freezer. To refrigerate, place the dough in a sealed container and use it within 48 hours.

This will slightly slow down the yeast activity but still allow it to develop flavors. For longer storage, freezing the dough is the best option. After the initial rise, divide the dough as needed, lightly coat it with olive oil, and place it in airtight bags.

Frozen pizza dough can last up to 3 months. When you’re ready to use it, thaw the dough in the refrigerator overnight or at room temperature for a few hours. Allow it to come to room temperature before shaping and baking.


What happens if you don’t put oil in pizza dough?

Without oil, pizza dough may lack some flavor and tenderness. Oil helps to create a softer dough and can prevent the crust from becoming too crisp or dry. However, omitting oil won’t drastically affect its ability to rise.

How much pizza does one dough make?

Typically, one batch of pizza dough makes enough for two 12-inch pizzas. The exact number can vary based on the thickness of the crust you prefer – thinner crusts will yield more, and thicker crusts will yield less.

Does pizza dough have eggs?

Traditional pizza dough does not contain eggs. It’s usually made with just flour, water, yeast, salt, and sometimes oil and sugar. Eggs are not typically used in standard pizza dough recipes.

Why is my pizza dough gummy?

Gummy pizza dough is often the result of underbaking. The dough may also become gummy if it’s too wet or if it hasn’t been kneaded enough. Ensuring the oven is hot enough and the dough is properly kneaded and rested can help prevent a gummy texture.

Final Reflections

Making pizza dough at home is an easy and fulfilling experience that brings the authentic flavor of pizzeria-style pizza right into my kitchen. With just a few basic ingredients and some simple steps, I find myself able to create a delicious base for any kind of pizza I fancy.

This homemade pizza dough recipe is a go-to, no matter the level of skill or experience in the kitchen. I thoroughly enjoy the process, love experimenting with various toppings, and, most importantly, I have a great time crafting my ideal pizza.